Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018


Home page

Publications and patents

Scientific production since 2006


Rizk F, Laverdure S, d'Alencon E, Bossin H, Dupressoir T: Linear Lepidopteran ambidensovirus 1 sequences drive random integration of a reporter gene in transfected Spodoptera frugiperda cells. PeerJ 2018, 6:e4860.2.118-2.469.

Orsucci M, Moné Y, Audiot P, Gimenez S, Nhim S, Nait-Saidi R, Frayssinet M, Dumont G, Pommier A, Boudon JP et al: Transcriptional plasticity evolution in two strains of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) feeding on alternative host-plants. BioRxiv 2018.

Chen ZH, Zhang M, Lv FH, Ren X, Li WR, Liu MJ, Nam K, Bruford MW, Li MH: Contrasting Patterns of Genomic Diversity Reveal Accelerated Genetic Drift but Reduced Directional Selection on X-Chromosome in Wild and Domestic Sheep Species. Genome Biol Evol 2018, 10(5):1282-1297.3.94-4.171.


Nam K, Munch K, Mailund T, Nater A, Greminger MP, Krutzen M, Marques-Bonet T, Schierup MH: Evidence that the rate of strong selective sweeps increases with population size in the great apes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2017, 114(7):1613-1618.9.504-10.359.

Nam K, Lee KW, Chung O, Yim HS, Cha SS, Lee SW, Jun J, Cho YS, Bhak J, Magalhaes JP et al: Analysis of the FGF gene family provides insights into aquatic adaptation in cetaceans. Scientific reports 2017, 7:40233.4.122-4.609.

Gouin A, Bretaudeau A, Nam K, Gimenez S, Aury JM, Duvic B, Hilliou F, Durand N, Montagne N, Darboux I et al: Two genomes of highly polyphagous lepidopteran pests (Spodoptera frugiperda, Noctuidae) with different host-plant ranges. Scientific reports 2017, 7(1):11816.4.122-4.609.

Erclik T, Li X, Courgeon M, Bertet C, Chen Z, Baumert R, Ng J, Koo C, Arain U, Behnia R et al: Integration of temporal and spatial patterning generates neural diversity. Nature 2017, 541(7637):365-370.41.577-44.958.

Cheng T, Wu J, Wu Y, Chilukuri RV, Huang L, Yamamoto K, Feng L, Li W, Chen Z, Guo H et al: Genomic adaptation to polyphagy and insecticides in a major East Asian noctuid pest. Nature ecology & evolution 2017.

Bonneaud N, Layalle S, Colomb S, Jourdan C, Ghysen A, Severac D, Dantec C, Negre N, Maschat F: Control of nerve cord formation by Engrailed and Gooseberry-Neuro: A multi-step, coordinated process. Dev Biol 2017, 432(2):273-285.3.262-3.29.


Munch K, Nam K, Schierup MH, Mailund T: Selective Sweeps across Twenty Millions Years of Primate Evolution. Mol Biol Evol 2016, 33(12):3065-3074.6.202-14.558.

Lobon I, Tucci S, de Manuel M, Ghirotto S, Benazzo A, Prado-Martinez J, Lorente-Galdos B, Nam K, Dabad M, Hernandez-Rodriguez J et al: Demographic History of the Genus Pan Inferred from Whole Mitochondrial Genome Reconstructions. Genome Biol Evol 2016, 8(6):2020-2030.3.979-4.008.


Simon, J.-C., d'Alençon, E., GUY, E., Jacquin-Joly, E., Jaquiéry, J., Nouhaud, P., Peccoud, J., Sugio, A., Streiff, R. (2015). Genomics of adaptation to host-plants in herbivorous insects. Briefings in functional genomics, 14 (6), 413-423. DOI : 10.1093/bfgp/elv015.

DUMAS, P. , Legeai, F., Lemaitre, C., Scaon, E., ORSUCCI, M., Labadie, K., Gimenez, S., Clamens, A. L., Henri, H., Vavre, F., Aury, J. M., Fournier, P., Kergoat, G., D'Alençon, E. (2015). Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) host-plant variants: two host strains or two distinct species?. Genetica, 143 (3), 305-316. DOI : 10.1007/s10709-015-9829-2.

Dumas, P. , Barbut, J., Le Ru, B., Silvain, J.-F., Clamens, A. L., D'Alençon, E., Kergoat, G. (2015). Phylogenetic molecular species delimitations unravel potential new species in the pest genus Spodoptera Guenée, 1852 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Plos One, 10 (4), e0122407. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0122407.


Tagu D, Colbourne JK, Nègre N. (2014). Genomic data integration for ecological and evolutionary traits in non-model organisms. BMC Genomics.  Jul 17;15:490. doi: 10.1186/1471-2164-15-490. PMID: 25047861.


d’Alençon, E., Bierne, N., Girard, A., Magdelenat, G., Gimenez, S., Seninet, S., and Escoubas, J.M. (2013). Evolutionary history of x-tox genes in three Lepidopteran species: origin, primary and secondary structure evolution and alternative splicing generated a repertoire of immune related proteins. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 43:54-64.


Dumas, P., Clamens, A.-L., Kergoat, G.J., Gimenez, S., and d’Alençon, E.(2012). Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci in the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). In : Permanent Genetic Ressources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 December 2011 – 31 January 2012. Molecular Ecology Resources. 12, 570-572.


d’Alençon, E., Stanojcic, S., Cousserans, F., Gimenez, S., Fournier, P., Quesneville, H., Permal, E. 2011. « Molécules utiles pour inhiber le développement d’une larve d’insecte ravageur de culture » Brevet européen 11/01/2011.

Stanojcic, S., Gimenez, S., Permal, E., Quesneville, H., Fournier, P., and d'Alençon, E.(2011). Correlation of rasiRNA expression with heterochromatin formation during development of the holocentric insect Spodoptera frugiperda. PLoS One, 6, e24746.

d’Alençon, E., Nègre, N., Stanojcic, S., Alassoeur, B., Gimenez, S., Abd-Alla, A., Juliant, S., and Fournier, P. (2011). Characterization of a CENP-B homolog in the holocentric Lepidoptera Spodoptera frugiperda. Gene. 485:91-101.


d’Alençon, E., Sezutsu, H., Legeai, F., Permal, E., Bernard-Samain, S., Gimenez, S., Gagneur, C., Cousserans, F., Shimomura, M., Brun-Barale, A. et al. 2010. Extensive synteny conservation of holocentric chromosomes in Lepidoptera despite high rates of local genome rearrangements. PNAS 107(17): 7680-7685.


Negre, V., Hotelier, T., Volkoff, A.N., Gimenez, S., Cousserans, F., Mita, K., Sabau, X., Rocher, J., Lopez-Ferber, M., d'Alencon, E. et al. 2006. SPODOBASE : an EST database for the lepidopteran crop pest Spodoptera. BMC Bioinformatics 7(1): 322.