The genus Sycophila Walker is, after Eurytoma Illiger and Brucophagus Ashmead, the third largest genus of the family Eurytomidae (Hym.: Chalcidoidea) and includes 102 nominated species worldwide. Bio-ecologically, this genus can be divided in two groups:
- an holarctic group that includes the parasitoids of the gall maker wasps and flies in woody and shrubby plants;
- a tropical group, associated with Ficus spp. and inquiline in Epichrysomallinae galls. Very scarce studies of associated Sycophila with Ficus were led in the world and not more than 15 species have been reported in the world.
This research aims to focus on this second group, combining morphological and bio-ecological data within an integrative framework.