The genus Sycophila Walker after Eurytoma Illiger and Brucophagus Ashmead, is the third largest genus of the family Eurytomidae (Hym.: Chalcidoidea) and include 102 nominated species worldwide. Bio-ecologically, this genus can divide in two groups:
1) Holarctic group that are the parasitoids of the gall maker wasps and flies in woody and shrubby plants
2) Tropical group are associated with Ficus spp. and are inquilines in Epichrysomallinae galls. Not more than 15 species of the second group have been reported in the world that may be resulted from scarce studies of associated Sycophila with Ficus. Aim of this research is focus on this second group combining morphological and bio-ecological data within an integrative framework.